The Darjeeling tea is called the champagne among all kinds of teas in the world and this is obviously due to the flavor. Tea has no indigenous connection to the Indian soil rather it is the biggest exemplary of the colonial rule of the British. It came to India in the year 1841 and the initiative was to expand the plantation to Darjeeling specially. It was Dr Campbell was the chief initiator behind this. By profession he worked as a civil surgeon in the Indian Medical Service. It is said that he had brought some used tea seeds from China and experimented on the grounds of the Darjeeling valley. These continued till the entire stretch of the 1840s when the British government had set up tea nurseries in that area. Tea became a commercial beverage in the first half of the 1860s when four gardens constituted the Darjeeling company.
What Is So Special About The Darjeeling Flavour?
The unique and appealing flavours of the Darjeeling tea have indeed made this a topic of research not only in India but hugely in the foreign universities. The Tea Research Association (TRA) and the Kyoto University and Japan conducted a research to prob into the real reason behind this unique flavour. In the experiment with the genes of the tea leaves a compound named tarpins is found in large quantity in Darjeeling Tea leaves. But these compounds only react when they are infected by a certain insect that is intrinsic to the Darjeeling region. Geraniol and linalool are the primary reason behind the flavours which is found in the compound tarpin. But there is another popular belief that this flavor is artificially prepared as well which again affects the true heritage of the industry.
The Popularity Of Darjeeling Tea
The figures given by the Darjeeling Planters Association bears much testimony of the huge world wide demand for this special flavor. The annual production of Darjeeling tea is around 11 million kilograms and this comes from the tea plamtation which is spread over 86 gardens covering an area of 19,000 hectares. Tea plantation today engaes around 52,000 people besides a 15,000 persons additionally engaged in the tea plucking season.
There has been several tea companies that use the name of Darjeeling tea but the best way to get the right one is through the price and the seal.